Congresswoman Nikema Williams calls to abolish slavery in prisons | Lashaun Turner | NewsBreak Original

But #Juneteenth also reminds us that slavery HAS NOT been fully abolished in this country. In reality, the 13th Amendment outlawed slavery EXCEPT as punishment for a crime. — And that’s why we need the Abolition Amendment. — Nikema Williams

The 13th Amendment

The roots of modern prison labor can be found in the ratification of this exception clause at the end of the Civil War, which disproportionately encouraged the criminalization and effective re-enslavement of Black people during the Jim Crow era, with impacts that persist to this day. -ACLU

The Constitution’s Article V requires that an amendment be proposed by two-thirds of the House and Senate, or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the state legislatures. It is up to the states to approve a new amendment, with three-quarters of the states voting to ratifying it. (Source)

How much do US prisoners get paid?

Each prison system and state legislature determine how prison labor is regulated and paid. Typically, wages range from 14 cents to $2.00/hour for prison maintenance labor, depending on the state where the inmate is incarcerated. The national average hovers around 63 cents per hour for this type of labor. (Source)

How much does it cost to incarcerate a person in the US?

Based on FY 2020 data, the average annual COIF for a Federal inmate in a Federal facility in FY 2020 was $39,158 ($120.59 per day). The average annual COIF for a Federal inmate in a Residential Reentry Center for FY 2020 was $35,663 ($97.44 per day).Source

Is forced labor a form of modern day slavery?

Congresswoman Nikema Williams

I’m bold enough to think that I can change the Constitution, and I know that there’s a national, bipartisan, multiracial movement to get it done. Let’s #EndTheException in the 13th Amendment. -Nikema Williams

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